Rand Faces Challenges Amid Coalition Talks and Poor GDP Figures

The South African rand has experienced a turbulent start to the week, weakening against the US dollar. Uncertainty surrounding potential coalition partners with the African National Congress (ANC) has contributed to this decline.

Weaker Rand

 The rand fell on Tuesday evening, trading at approximately R18.70 against the dollar. This represents a more than 0.7% decrease from its closing level on Monday.

Coalition Uncertainties

Shaun Murison, a senior market analyst at IG, suggests that the rand’s underperformance is linked to ongoing coalition uncertainties. The ANC, having failed to secure an outright majority in recent polls, faces challenges in forming a government.

Economic Risks

Murison highlights that the rand is erring on the side of caution, pricing in potential economic risks associated with a business-unfriendly coalition.

StatsSA Report

Statistics South Africa (StatsSA) reported a 0.1% contraction in gross domestic product (GDP) for Q1 2024. This decline is attributed to decreased production in various sectors, including mining and construction.


Despite the initial setback, the rand has shown signs of recovery, trading at R18.68 at 9:20 am on Tuesday. It also stands at around R20.37 against the euro and R23.93 against the pound.

Nedbank’s Economic Insight’s Report predicts continued patchy economic growth for South Africa. Factors such as harsh operating conditions, weak domestic demand, and global constraints contribute to this outlook. However, the bank expects some easing of pressures in the second half of 2024 as inflation moderates and monetary policy adjusts.

    In summary, the rand’s performance remains closely tied to political developments and economic indicators. Investors and analysts are closely monitoring coalition negotiations and GDP figures to gauge the currency’s future trajectory.

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